Vet Guide



  1. ANONYMOUS. (Undated). Maki bromadiolone. Rodenticide technical bulletin. Chempar Chemical Co. Inc., New York, NY. 9pp.
  2. ANONYMOUS. (Undated). Rozol and Maki, Chempar Rodent Control Products. Chempar Chemical Co. Inc., New York, NY. 11pp.
  3. ANONYMOUS. (Undated). Klerat, ICI Public Health Products. ICI Surrey, England. 39pp.
  4. ANONYMOUS. (Undated). Talon technical information: for experimental use only. ICI Americas Inc., Goldsboro, NC. 4pp.
  5. ANONYMOUS. 1978. Talon rodenticide technical information: for experimental use only. ICI Americas Inc., Wilmington, DE. 4pp.
  6. ANONYMOUS. 1977. Rodent eradication and poisoning programs. U.S. Dept. H.E.W., P.H.S., CDC, Atlanta, GA. 83pp.
  7. ANONYMOUS. 1949. U.S.D.I. Fish and Wildlife Service, Denver, CO. Special report, 58.
  8. ASHWORTH, B. 1973. The frequency of animal poisoning by warfarin. The Veterinary Record, 93:50.
  9. BARLOW, A.M., A.L. GAY and B.K. PARK. 1982. Difenacoum (Neosorexa) poisoning. British Medical Journal, 285:541.
  10. BENTLEY, E.W. and Y. LARTHE. 1959. The comparative rodenticidal efficiency of five anticoagulants. Jour nal of Hygiene, 57(2):135-149.
  11. BRAITHWAITE, G.B. 1982. Vitamin K and brodifacoum. Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association, 181:531-532.
  12. BROOK S, J.E. 1970. Proper ties, uses and hazards of common rodenticides. NYS Dept. Health, Albany, NY, 10pp.
  13. BUCK, W.B. 1983a. Personal communication (Dec. 16, 1983). Director, Animal Poisoning Control Center, Univ. IL, Urbana, IL.
  14. BUCK, W.B. 1983b. A report of poisonings in the dog and cat in 1982. Presented at 75th Annual Conference for Veterinarians, NYS College of Veterinary Medicine, Ithaca, NY, 18-20 Jan., 1983.
  15. BUCK, W.B. 1983c. Causes of poisoning in dogs and cats. Pest Management, 2(7):11-13.
  16. BUCK, W.B., G. D. OSWEILER and G.A. VAN GELDER. 1976. Clinical and diagnostic veterinary toxicology, 2nd Edition. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque, IA. pp. 253- 256.
  17. DODD S, W.J. and S.C. FRANTZ. 1984. Dog and cat poisonings. Pest Control Technology, 12(3):14.
  18. FELDMAN, B.F. 1981. Coagulopathies in small animals. Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association, 179:559-563.
  19. FERNANDEZ, F.R., A.P. DAVIES, D.J. TEACHOUT, A. KRAKE , M.M. CHRISTOPHER and V. PERMAN. 1984. Vitamin K-induced Heinz body formation in dogs. Journal of American Animal Hospital Association, 20:711-720.
  20. FRANTZ, S.C., W.J. DODDS and S. KIM. 1984. A study of accidents, illnesses and deaths resulting from the use of commensal rodenticides. EPA Public Hearings on Rodenticide Bait Stations, Sacramento, CA, March 5, 1984.
  21. GODFREY, M.E.R., T.C. REID and H.J.F. McALLUM. 1981. The oral toxicity of brodifacoum to rabbits. N.Z. Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 9:23-25.
  22. GODFREY, M.E.R., T.C. REID and H.J.F. McALLUM. 1981. The acute oral toxicity of the anticoagulant brodifacoum to dogs. N.Z. Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 9:147-149.
  23. GRAND, M. 1976. Experimental data on a new anticoagulant raticide: bromadiolone. Phytiatrie- Phytopharmacie, 25:69-88.
  24. GREEN, R.A., P. ROUDEBUSH, and C.L. BARTON. 1979. Laboratory evaluation of coagulopathies due to vitamin K antagonism in the dog: three case reports. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 15:691-697.
  25. HADLER, M.R. 1979. Brodifacoum a potent new rodenticide. Proceedings Fifth British Pest Control Conference, Stratford-upon-Avon, England. September 26- 29, 1979. pp.1-8.
  26. HAGAN, E.C. and J.L. RADOMSKI. 1953. The toxicity of 3- (acetonylbenzyl) -4- hydroxycoumarin (warfarin) to laboratory animals. Journal of American Pharmaceutical Association. 52(6):379-382.
  27. HARLING, R., P. BUFORD, and S. FREYER. 1986. LM2219 (difethialone) oral toxicity study in beagle dogs (13 weeks). Huntindon Research Center, UK. Unpublished study.
  28. HAYES, W. 1982. Pesticides studied in man. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, 672pp.
  29. HAZELTON LABORATORIES Inc. 1957. Report on diphacinone (2-diphenylacetyl-1,3-indandione). Hazelton Laboratories Inc., Falls Church, VA, April 19, 1957.
  30. I.N.D.I.A. Industrie Chimiche Technical Data Sheet for NOCURAT WAX BLOCKS undated.
  31. KAUKEINEN, D.E. 1979. Experimental rodenticide (Talon) passes lab tests; moving to field trials in pest control industry. Pest Control 46(1):19-21.
  32. KOSMIN, M. and J.N. BARLOW. 1976. Rodent control using a novel formulation of diphacinone, Ramik®. Proceedings First Afro-Asian Vertebrate Pest Congress. Nov. 8-11, 1976. Cairo, Egypt. 7pp.
  33. LABE, J. and G. LORGUE. 1977. Intoxication des carnivores domestiques par les raticides anticoagulants. pp128-140. Notes de Toxicologie Veterinaire, No. 3. Centre d'Informations Toxicologiques Veterinaire, Ecole Nationale Veterinaire, Marcy L'Etoile, France.
  34. LECK, J.B. and B.K. PARK. 1981. A comparative study of the effects of warfarin and brodifacoum on the relationship between vitamin K1 metabolism and clotting factor activity in warfarin-susceptible and warfarin-resistant rats. Biochemical Pharmacology, 30:123-128.
  35. LIPTON, R.A. and E.M. KLASS. 1984. Human ingestion of a "Superwarfarin" rodenticide resulting in a prolonged anticoagulant effect. Journal of American Medical Association, 252:3004-3005.
  36. LISELLA, F.S., K.R. LONG and H.G. SCOTT. 1971. Toxicology of rodenticides and their relationship to human health. Part II, Journal of Environmental Health, 33(4):361- 365.
  37. LORGUE, G. 1980. Bromadiolone toxicity in the dog: an antidotal therapy in the intoxicated dog. Laboratory of Toxicology, Ecole National Veterinaire de Lyon and Lyonnaise Industrielle Pharmaceutique, Lyon, France.
  38. LORGUE, G. 1984. Domestic animal poisonings by rodenticides. Pratique Medicale et Chirurgicale de l'Animale de Compagnie. Ecole National Veterinaire de Lyon, Charbonnieres-les-Bains, France. 19(2):133-135.
  39. LORGUE, G. and A. NAHAS. 1984. Les intoxications des carnivores domestiques: generalites. Pratique Medicale et Chirurgicale de l'Animal de Compagnie. Ecole National Veterinaire de Lyon, Charbonnieres-les-Bains, France. 19(2):125-127.
  40. LORGUE, G. 1986. Acute oral toxicity study of LM2219 (difethialone) in cats. Ectoxicology Laboratory (INRAENVL), National Veterinary School, Lyon, France. Unpublished study.
  41. MADDY, K.T. and J. WINTER. 1980. Poisoning of animals in the Los Angeles area with pesticides during 1977. Veterinary and Human Toxicology, 22:409-412.
  42. MALLIS, A. 1982. The handbook of pest control. Franzak and Foster, Cleveland OH. 1101pp.
  43. MARSH, R.E. 1985 (in press). The susceptibility of dogs to anticoagulant rodenticides.
  44. MENDENHALL, V.M. and L.F. PANK. 1980. Secondary poisoning of owls by anticoagulant rodenticides. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 8:311-315.
  45. MOUNT, M.E. and B.F. FELDMAN. 1982. Vitamin K and its therapeutic importance. Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association, 180:1354-1356.
  46. MOUNT, M.E. and B.F. FELDMAN. 1983. Mechanism of diphacinone rodenticide toxicosis in the dog and its therapeutic implications. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 44:2009-2017.
  47. NATIONAL ANIMAL POISON CONTROL CENTER. 1985. Annual progress report, 1984. College of Veterinary Medicine, Urbana, Illinois.
  48. PAPWORTH, D.S. 1958. A review of the dangers of warfarin poisoning to animals other than rodents. Royal Society of Health Journal, 78:52-60.
  49. POCHE, R.M. Personal communication (Nov. 30, 1984). Director of Technical Services, Lipha Chemicals Inc.
  50. RAMPAUD, M. 1981. Toxicologie des raticides. Conference Prononcee en Novembre 1981 au Collogue de Moulins (Allier) 53-59.
  51. SMITH, C.R. 1984. Survey of rodenticide bait-related exposures reported by the Los Angeles Medical Association Regional Poison Information Center - July 1, 1982, to June 30, 1983. EPA Public Hearings on Rodenticide Bait Stations, Sacramento, CA, March 5, 1984.
  52. POCHE, R.M. 1988. Rodent tissue residue and secondary hazard studies with bromadiolone. Bull. OEPP/EPPO Bull. 18: 323-330.
  53. U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY. 2004. Potential Risks of Nine Rodenticides to Birds and Nontarget Mammals: a Comparative Approach. 23pp.
  54. U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY. 2008. Risk Mitigation Decision for Ten Rodenticides. Dated May 28, 2008. 60pp.
  55. VYAS, N.B., AND RATTNER, B.A. 2012. Critique on the use of the standardized avian acute oral toxicity test for first generation anticoagulant rodenticides. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 18: 1069–1077.

Additional Sources

ANONYMOUS. (Undated). Technical report on chlorophacinone (approved name). Lipha Laboratories, Lyon, France. 72pp.

DODDS, W.J. 1984. Von Willebrand's disease in dogs. Modern Veterinary Practice, 95:681-686.

EBELING, W. 1978. Urban entomology. University of California Press, Berkeley. 695pp.

HOUPT, K., J.C. ZGODA and C.C. STAHLBAUM. 1984. Use of taste repellents and emetics to prevent accidental poisoning of dogs. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 45:1501-1503.

KECK, P. 1984. Diagnostic analytique et traitement des intoxications des carnivores. Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, National Veterinary School, Lyon, France. 19(2):129-131.

PLESTINA, R. 1984. Prevention, diagnosis and treatment of insecticide poisoning. WHO/VBC/84.889.

SPENCER, H. J. 1950. U.S.D.I. Report of Activities, Wildlife Research Laboratory, Denver, CO. 1st Quarter, 12. 13.

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